Coronary artery disease is recognized to start with injury or damage to the coronary artery’s layer, which occasionally happens as soon as childhood. The damage may be instigated by different factors such as sedentary lifestyle, insulin resistance or diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and smoking. Once an artery’s inner wall becomes damaged, plaques and some cellular waste products usually build up and accumulate at the injury’s site. This clump blocks the artery, which results in heart disease and heart attack. To know about coronary artery disease’s causes and risk factors keep on reading this article:


Unhealthy diet

If you consume excessive food that contains high amounts of sugar, salt, trans-fat, and saturated fats, you are only increasing your possibility of having coronary artery disease.

Extreme stress

If you become too stressed, it can actually cause your arteries to be damaged. Moreover, it can aggravate other coronary artery disease’s risk factors.

Physical inactivity

Having a stagnant lifestyle and insufficient exercise is linked with coronary artery disease and other risk factors it can give as well.

Obesity or overweight

Too much weight can usually cause other risk factors to aggravate.


Insulin resistance is linked with a boosted risk of coronary artery disease. In fact, coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes share the same risk factors, like high blood pressure and obesity.

High cholesterol levels

High cholesterol levels within your blood can boost the danger of the development of atherosclerosis and plaque. High cholesterol can be due to a due to an increased level of the bad cholesterol, which is the LDL or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Moreover, if you have a low level of good cholesterol or high-density lipoprotein, it can also be one of the causes of atherosclerosis development.

High blood pressure

Your arteries can get thicken and harden once you have uncontrolled blood pressure. As a result, this will constrict the passage through which blood can flow.


Those individuals who smoke get a particularly boosted risk of obtaining heart disease. Moreover, inhaling secondhand smoke can boost the risk of a person developing coronary artery disease as well.

Family history

If your family has a history of heart disease, it means that you have a higher risk of acquiring this disease as well, particularly when a close relative had heart disease at a young age. Your risk is at peak once your sister or mother was diagnosed with heart disease before reaching the age of 65 or when your brother and father had it before the age of 65.


Generally, men are most at risk of having coronary artery disease. When it comes to women, this risk usually increases after their menopausal stage.


Once you get older, you get an increased risk of having narrowed and damaged arteries.

Coronary artery disease’s risk factors usually happen simultaneously and some may trigger other risks. If ever you think that you’re at high risk of having this disease, it would be best to consult to your doctor today.